British porcelain got its start in with the discovery of kaolin clay in Cornwall, England. Aroun the English added ground bone ash from farm animals to the wet clay, making the ceramics lighter in weight, more translucent, and stronger according to Antiques by Frank Farmer Loomis IV. Josiah Spode apprenticed as a potter in the mids. Later, he started his own pottery business, making cream-colored earthenware and whiteware with blueprints. At the turn of the eighteenth century, Spode introduced bone china By the early s, Copeland fully acquired the Spode operations in London and took over the Stoke plant operations until his death in , when he passed the business onto his heirs.
Between the years and the Copeland family owned the company entirely and typically printed backstamps with a variation on the Copeland family name on its products. Afterthe company changed its name to Spode and began using a newly standardized printed backstamp on all of its products.
More From Reference. Spode is an English brand of pottery and homewares produced by the company of the same name, which is based in Stoke-on-TrentEngland. Spode was founded by Josiah Spode - inand was responsible for perfecting two extremely important techniques that were crucial to the worldwide success of the English pottery industry in the century to follow.
He perfected the technique for transfer printing in underglaze blue on fine earthenware in - - a development that led to the launch in of Spode's Blue Italian range, which has remained in production ever since.
Josiah Spode is also often credited with developing, aroun the formula for fine bone china that was generally adopted by the industry.
His son, Josiah Spode II, was certainly responsible for the successful marketing of English bone china. Today, Spode is owned by Portmeirion Groupa pottery and homewares company based in Stoke-on-Trent.
Josiah Spode is known to have worked for Thomas Whieldon from the age of 16 until he was He then worked in a number of partnerships until he went into business for himself, renting a small potworks in the town of Stoke-on-Trent in ; in he completed the purchase of what became the Spode factory until His early products comprised earthenwares such as creamware a fine cream-coloured earthenware and pearlware a fine earthenware with a bluish glaze as well as a range of stonewares including black basalt, caneware, and jr which had been popularised by Josiah Wedgwood.
The history and products of the Spode factory have inspired generations of historians and collectors, and a useful interactive online exhibition was launched in October Josiah Spode I is credited  with the introduction of underglaze blue transfer printing on earthenware in - The Worcester and Caughley factories had commenced transfer printing underglaze and over glaze on porcelain in the early s, and from overglaze printing was also applied to earthenware and stoneware.
The processes for underglaze and overglaze decoration were very different. Overglaze "bat printing" on earthenware was a fairly straightforward process, and designs in a range of colours including black, red and lilac were produced.
Spode is an English brand of pottery and homewares produced by the company of the same name, which is based in Stoke-on-Trent, multicoingames.com was founded by Josiah Spode (-) in , and was responsible for perfecting two extremely important techniques that were crucial to the worldwide success of the English pottery industry in the century to follow. Mar 29, Typically, Coleman Spode china products featured a pattern code that allowed customers to tell the year and month in which a particular piece was made, but these changed frequently over the years the company spent in business. When assessing the age and value of a Copeland Spode china piece, it is helpful to divide the company's history into. Delve into Spode's rich history with the Heritage collection. Featuring a medley of patterns taken from Spode's design archive from the 19th century, showcased in a beautiful black and white colour palette, Heritage makes a stunning statement.
Underglaze "hot-press" printing was limited to the colours that would withstand the subsequent glaze firing, and a rich blue was the predominant colour. To adapt the process from the production of small porcelain teawares to larger earthenware dinnerwares required the creation of more flexible paper to transmit the designs from the engraved copper plate to the biscuit earthenware body, and the development of a glaze recipe that brought the color of the black-blue cobalt print to a brilliant perfection.
When Spode employed the skilled engraver Thomas Lucas and printer James Richard, both of the Caughley factory, in he was able to introduce high quality blue printed earthenware to the market.
Thomas Mintonanother Caughley-trained engraver, also supplied copper plates to Spode until he opened his own factory in Stoke-on-Trent in This method involved the engraving of a design on a copper plate, which was then printed onto gummed tissue. These designs, including edge-patterns which had to be manipulated in sections, were cut out using scissors and applied to the biscuit-fired ware using a white fabricitself prepared with a gum solution.
Consider, dating my spode due time
The tissue was then floated off in water, leaving the pattern adhering to the plate. This was then dipped in the glaze and returned to the kiln for the glost firing.
Jan 14, Putting a date to your Spode pieces can be difficult. Here are some tips. Using the Spode archive and published books you can learn about the many different backstamps (marks) on Spode pieces. This though can only be a guide to a date - it is not an exact science and some backstamps were used for many, many years.
Blue underglaze transfer became a standard feature of Staffordshire pottery. Spode also used on-glaze transfers for other wares.
On this page, below, you will find links to my relevant blogposts about finding out about your Spode and Copeland pieces. You may find that you can do this yourself from these links. You can also use the Search box. Dating Your Spode Pieces; More on Dating Spode Pieces in the early s; Spode and a Beautifully Marked Pheasant. Dec 10, Illustration 1 shows a Spode backstamp, or mark, in an oval style frequently used on one of Spode's most famous blue printed patterns: 'Italian'. Many collectors like to find out the date of their pieces and, using a combination of backstamps, datemarks and styles of the shapes of pieces made in this pattern, it is occasionally possible to date pieces accurately. Dating copeland spode marks Find a collection of many hundreds of patterns found on copeland to date on the royal worcester in online dating. White ware was recorded in spode is a date range from Central to the leader in the definition and copeland marks.
The well-known Spode blue-and-white dinner services with engraved sporting scenes and Italian views were developed under Josiah Spode the younger, but continued to be reproduced into much later times. Start of the Spode business to : the company was known as Spode. Pieces were not always marked and sometimes just a pattern number appears and no Spode name at all.
Dating Copeland Spode China In addition to the manufacturers' marks noted above, date marks were also used on all pieces made in the late s through This datemark comes in handy, taking the guesswork out of matching the mark to the correct production period. Apr 04, There are more than identifying marks, datemarks and backstamps on Copeland Spode pottery going back as far as , according to Heirlooms Antiques Centre. These marks are divided into four main categories, including early Spode from to , Copeland & Garrett from to , WT Copeland from to and Spode from to Sep 13, Dating Your Spode Pieces was my first blogpost on the subject and was published on 6 Jan It has information about dating pieces with examples of Spode backstamps. There are hundreds of recorded backstamps for Spode wares in the history of the company so I will add occasional information about different ones.
Painted marks are often in red and marks can also appear printed usually in blue or black, although other colours were used or impressed into the clay so appearing colourless. It is possible to have a combination of all three.
Printed backstamp c to the company was known as Copeland and Garrett. This means formerly Spode as the name continued to be used because the Spode brand had become so well-known.
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Above is an unusual backstamp which includes the name of the pottery body ie recipe. The undecorated pieces were already made and marked Spode prior to the name change in